At Advanced Health & Performance Institute in Orlando and Winter Park, we use neurofeedback and other techniques to help children excel in school, athletes perform at their peaks and executives become better leaders and managers.
Some of the terminology in the field can be confusing, so here are some definitions provided by the EEG Division of the Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback.
- Active: One of two electrodes used in a differential measurement. Generally it is placed on the head on the location that you want to measure and train.
- Amplitude: A measure of the size of a signal that is given
- Bipolar: An EEG measurement that is taken between two locations on your scalp. This helps measure brain activity in the regions between and around the two locations.
- Channel: A single EEG channel is a waveform recording, either bipolar or monopolar. For a single channel of recording, you use an active electrode, a reference electrode and a ground. For two-channel recording, you use two active electrodes, two references and a ground.
- Coherence: Measures how similar two signals are in frequency
- Cortex: The brain’s outer layer, which consists of enfolded layers
- DC: Direct current
- Differential amplifier: An electronic amplifier which notes the difference in potential between two electrodes
- EEG: Electroencephalogram; the brain’s electrical activity measured from the scalp, high-gain amplifiers are used
- Electrode: The metallic device that connects to the scalp or body that measures electrical potential
- Electrolyte: Typically a liquid or gel that allows electrical potential to be measured. The electrolyte conducts the electrical signal at the skin’s surface to the electrode surface.
- Frequency: The rate at which a signal changes or vibrates
- Monopolar: An EEG measurement from the scalp to a neutral spot, such as the ear
- Neurofeedback: The type of biofeedback training that uses EEG, or the brain wave, as the signal to control feedback. Sensors are placed on the scalp to record brainwaves. These are then converted into feedback signals via computer software. By using visual, sound and other feedback, neurofeedback can promote brain relaxation. Various additional benefits come from the ability of the central nervous system to better relax.
- Protocol: A set of controls that determines how neurofeedback training is performed. This includes enhance and inhibit settings, decision criteria, frequency bands, feedback signals, threshold adjustments and training decision points
- Reference: The second of two electrodes that are used in a differential measurement
- Silver Chloride: The material most often used for EEG and similar sensors. It is especially useful in low-noise recordings
- Site: A specific EEG placement
If you want to improve your own performance at work or on the athletic fields, let Advanced Health & Performance Institute show you how we can help.
Our trained and friendly professionals are ready to work with you or your child. Contact us today to learn more.